La Milagrosa is a farm located in the far north of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, an isolated mountain range of the Andes, which rises sharply on the shores of the Caribbean Sea and at only 42 km reaches a height of 5775 meters on their summits with perpetual snow. It is the highest coastal mountain in the world and due to its tropical position, it has a great variety of climates and ecosystems of great biological and hydrological importance.
The farm has an area of 16 hectares of which 6 are cultivated and the other 10 are home to 6 native forests. These forests are necessary to protect the sources of pure water, not polluted by man, that run through the farm in the form of streams. There is a small growing area exclusively for domestic consumption, but the only crop on the farm that is used for family sustenance is coffee. It is made up of 25,000 coffee trees of the Castillo variety protected by the native forest reserve where the temperature ranges between 14 and 23 degrees Celsius.
At the altitude where the farm is located (1,600 to 1,700 meters above sea level), where a climatic phenomenon occurs that, in part, makes this coffee different. During the morning hours, the heat of the sun condenses the water, which by noon has created dense clouds that end up falling over the coffee plantations as the afternoon falls.
The farm is located in an area that has the most essential things to produce a unique and special origin coffee: a wonderful land framed in the sanctuary of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta with its snowy peaks, its springs of pure water and the mist that at different times of the day it covers the forest and crops with its mantle.
The work begins with the cleaning of the weeds and with the "plateo". The plateo consists of having prepared and cleaned of all dirt a round of earth that is made at the base of each of the coffee trees (coffee plants) where the manual fertilization work is carried out. We go through all the crops by zones and carry out a process that we call “zoca”, which consists of uprooting the old coffee plantations and planting again, in order to guarantee the renewal of the crop and a constant production throughout the years. Once this work is finished, we continue with the maintenance of the fences and the cleaning of the various water sources that we have on the farm. Our coffee trees are watered with rainwater.
At harvest time, when we proceed to visit each of the coffee plantations and manually collect the red fruits, we have the participation of 12 people to carry out all the processes of collection, selection, drying, washing, fermentation and packaging of the green dry bean for transport and subsequent roasting outside the farm.
We also enjoy a beautiful view of the Caribbean Sea surrounded by a great variety of native plants and incredible fauna. There are many kinds of birds (parakeets, parrots, macaws, pigeons, partridges, orioles, tanager turkeys, flytraps, many kinds of hummingbirds etc.) of which there are 14 endemic. It is a paradise for bird watchers. In addition, there are larger species such as the jaguar, the puma, the foxes, the deer, the armadillos, the ñeques, the chestnut, the hawthorn fox, the weasels; also great variety of butterflies, insects, etc.
The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta was declared by Unesco as a Biosphere Reserve, of Man and of Humanity in 1979 and is the cradle of the Tayrona indigenous civilization. The Kogui, Wiwa, Arhuacos and Kankuamo ethnic groups live there and within this mountainous massif is located the Teyuna Archaeological Park known as "Lost City".